Mediation, one form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), can be an effective way of resolving a dispute out of court. It is typically limited to civil cases, although some non-violent criminal acts (such as harassment) may be resolved through mediation. Mediation differs from arbitration, but they are both alternatives to litigation through the courts. This section includes articles covering the basics of mediation, the types of cases that may be mediated, how it works with small claims, and some of its key advantages. In addition, you will find answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about mediation.